This is a fundamental soil science course which introduces students to the basic physical, chemical, biological and morphological properties of soils and functions in relation to agriculture. Emphasis will be placed in the context of tropical conditions with particular reference to Malaysian soils. Soils will be perceived as a product of various processes acting over time on parent materials. The wide variety of soils resulting from the soil-forming processes and their classification using the standard USDA and local (Malaysian) soil classification systems will be highlighted. The importance of appropriate management and land use practices to ensure conservation and sustainability for agriculture will be discussed.